A History of Coffee, Part II – Coffee in Europe
Coffee In Europe
Coffee first came to Europe through the port of Venice. Because of their vibrant trade with North Africa, it was through these Venetian merchants that coffee was introduced to the rest of Europe.Â In 1600, Pope Clement VIII, baptized the drink – making it more acceptable to European markets.
The first European coffee houses started opening, circa 1645, in Italy. In 1652, Pasqua Rosee (the proprietor) and Daniel Edwards (a trader in Turkish goods) opened the first reported coffee shop at St Michael’s Alley in Cornhill, England. Coffee became so popular, that within 100 years, at least 3,000 coffee houses were operating in England. In France, coffee became a popular drink for the Parisians by 1670, after being introduced by an ambassador of Mehmed IV. Vienna had its first coffee shop open in 1683. In a short time coffee and coffee houses spread throughout Europe. Coffee had arrived as a popular drink, and a traded commodity.
Coffee Around The World
Coffeeâ€™s popularity coincided with the age of exploration. Hence, the rapid spread of the coffee plant throughout the world. The Dutch played a major role in bringing the plant to its trading partners, especially in India and Asia.Â The French are given credit for first introducing the plant to the Americas, but all of the colonial powers were influential in the spread of the coffee plant.
Today, coffee is grown throughout the world in mountainous regions between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.Â The largest producer is Brazil, though there are many other medium to small regional growers around the world.
Coffee has had a long journey since Kaldi the goat herder first experienced coffeeâ€™s wonderful and magical nuances.